James Jude: He Invented CPR

In the late 1950s, a young surgical resident at Johns Hopkins Hospital named James Jude learned that his friend Guy Knickerbocker had noticed something strange during an experiment. Knickerbocker, a graduate student, had pressed electrical defibrillator paddles against a dog’s chest, and amazingly, the force seemed to cause the animal’s stopped heart to begin pumping blood again. Famous People We’ve Lost in 2015 » Jude, who passed away on July 28 at age 87 in Coral Gables, Fla., then had a brainstorm. …

E.L. Doctorow: He Turned History Into Fiction

E.L. Doctorow took the art of historical novels a step beyond by reimagining historical figures as fictional characters. In his most famous work, the 1975 best-seller Ragtime, Doctorow, who passed away on July 21 in New York at age 84, set a cast that includes Harry Houdini, Sigmund Freud, Henry Ford and Booker T. Washington interact in scenes that never happened and yet reveal so much about the characters. Famous People We’ve Lost in 2015 » Here are some nuggets about …

Omar Sharif: Star in ‘Lawrence of Arabia’ and ‘Doctor Zhivago’

With his dark, dashing looks and commanding presence, Egyptian-born Omar Sharif dominated the big screen in such epics as Lawrence of Arabia (1962) and Doctor Zhivago (1965).  >> Famous People We’ve Lost in 2015 Sharif, who passed away on July 10 at age 83 in Cairo, was the biggest star of Arab ancestry to break through in Hollywood, with his versatility as an actor enabling him to play a wide range of parts of varying ethnicity, from an ancient Armenian king …

Burt Shavitz: Burt’s Bees Co-Founder Was Mr. Natural

If you’re a fan of the Burt’s Bees line of natural, environmentally friendly personal care products, you might have assumed that the Walt-Whitman lookalike on the label was a generic hippie dreamed up by marketing experts. >> Famous People We’ve Lost in 2015 But Burt Shavitz, who passed away on July 5 at age 80 in Bangor, Maine, was a real person and an actual beekeeper. Here are some intriguing facts about a man who was as wild and free-spirited …

Don Featherstone: Father of the Plastic Lawn Flamingo

You may not know sculptor Don Featherstone, but you’ve seen his signature creation grace myriad suburban lawns over the past six decades as an icon of Americans’ affection for tacky. >> Famous People We’ve Lost in 2015 Featherstone, who died June 22 at age 79 in Fitchburg, Mass., was the father of the pink plastic lawn flamingo. He created the original in 1957 for Union Products, a Massachusetts-based plastics manufacturer. Here are some facts about the artist and his famous bird. …

Dick Van Patten: America’s Favorite Dad in ‘Eight Is Enough’

Actor Dick Van Patten might have been America’s favorite fictional dad in the late 1970s/early 1980s for his role on the TV sitcom Eight Is Enough: Tom Bradford, a widower who married his son’s tutor (Betty Buckley) and formed a chaotic but loving new family unit with her. >> Famous People We’ve Lost in 2015 But in a career that spanned seven decades, Van Patten, who died June 22 at age 86 in Santa Monica, Calif., played a wealth of …