Dr. Joseph E. Murray: 3 Patients a Nobel Laureate Treated

When we celebrate medical pioneers, we usually focus on the revolutionary breakthroughs that they achieve. It’s easy to forget that they’re not just innovative researchers but physicians as well, and that their calling isn’t just to win Nobel Prizes but also to help the flesh-and-blood human beings on their operating tables. Dr. Joseph E. Murray, a surgeon who performed the first successful organ transplant in 1954 and shared the 1990 Nobel Prize in Medicine with Dr. E. Donnall Thomas for discoveries …

The Chemist Who Made Possible Medications That Help Millions

If you take L-dopa for Parkinson’s disease, use a beta blocker for high blood pressure or angina, or even just pop a couple of ibuprofen once in a while when your knees or hips are sore, you owe William S. Knowles a debt of gratitude. As an organic chemist for St. Louis-based Monsanto Company, Knowles, who passed away last week at age 95, led a research effort from 1968 to 1972 to develop the process that would ultimately allow Monsanto to …