How Not to Be Fooled By Campaign Ads

This is the time of year when many of us begin to dread the commercial breaks in our favorite TV shows. We know that we’re going to hear tense, horror-movie soundtrack music. We’ll see a grainy, unflattering black-and-white photo of some candidate. The photo will be emblazoned with headlines condemning the candidate’s record of shameful failures or conscience-shocking offense. Sometimes the ad has been authorized by the candidate’s opponent; often, though, it turns out to have been paid for by an …