By Phil Galewitz, Kaiser Health News Staff Writer
Nearly 3.3 million Americans have signed up for private health insurance plans since October through the new online marketplaces created by the health law, with enrollment continuing to surge through January, an Obama administration report said Wednesday.
But the number of young adults signing up continues to lag expectations, which could impact insurance premiums next year. Insurance industry officials have been closely watching the mix of customers to make sure they get enough healthy people to balance the cost of covering older Americans who generally require more medical care.
About 25 percent of people signing up for coverage through January were between the ages of 18 and 34 in the 36 states served by the federal marketplace - up from 24 percent in the December enrollment report. However, the rate of signups among young people compared to other groups increased in January, growing by 65 percent, compared to 55 percent for all other age groups combined.
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Overall, enrollment soared by more than 1 million in January, the report said. Of the 3.3 million signups, 55 percent are female and 45 percent are male.
"These encouraging trends show that more Americans are enrolling every day, and finding quality, affordable coverage in the marketplace," Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius said in a statement.
The administration hopes that ads being shown during the Olympics and pro basketball games will bring in more young adults.
The marketplaces opened Oct. 1 and the first year's open enrollment is scheduled to end March 31. After a troubled start as a result of malfunctioning websites, the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office revised downward its expectations on how many would enroll in the first year. Instead of 7 million, CBO now expects 6 million.
The online insurance marketplaces - a centerpiece of the Affordable Care Act - were created so Americans who could not get coverage through their jobs could select among plans that offer a basic set of benefits. Americans making between the federal poverty level, $11,500 for an individual and four times that, or $46,000, qualify for government subsidies to offset the cost of their premiums.
California, which is running its own marketplace, has enrolled more than 728,000 people - twice as many as any other state. Florida, which is relying on the federal exchange, has enrolled more than 296,000. New York, which has its own marketplace, has the third highest enrollment at 211,000.
The percentage of people between 18 and 34 enrolling ranged from 17 percent in West Virginia, to 28 percent in Virginia, to 44 percent in the District of Columbia. The variation reflects states' different demographics, federal officials said.
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